The Collective Security Treaty Organization - CSTO - has been operating for 18 years. The Collective Security Treaty itself was signed in Tashkent on May 15, 1992. The CSTO Secretary General Stanislav Zas, who took office earlier this year, told in his first interview to the media whether there was a threat of a military conflict between the CSTO and NATO, what achievements of the organization and prospects for its expansion were, as well as how the bloc is fought against the coronavirus pandemic and whether the military-political situation in the world would change after the end of the epidemic.
On May 15, 1992, the heads of state of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan signed a Collective Security Treaty in Tashkent. This Treaty laid the foundation for the creation of a collective security system in the Eurasian space in the post-Soviet period and became the main document, on the basis of which 10 years later the CSTO was created.
On June 27, at a meeting in Bishkek, the Committee of Secretaries of Security Councils of the CSTO discussed the situation in Afghanistan and additional measures taken to counter international terrorism and extremism, taken in the format of Organization
The meeting was held in a narrow and extended composition. The CSSC members discussed the challenges and threats to collective security in the current conditions, as well as additional measures to counter international terrorism and extremism in the CSTO format, which are implemented in accordance with the Decision of the CSTO Collective Security Council.
During the plenary session, a number of draft decisions of the CSC of the CSTO were reviewed and approved and the decisions of the CSSC were signed.
In presenting the documents, the CSTO Acting Secretary General Valery Semerikov informed about the significance of the documents being signed:
“The first document is "The list of additional measures aimed at reducing tensions in the Tajik-Afghan border area". ”Basically, it contains a set of measures proposed by states aimed at shaping a situation of stability and security in the Tajik-Afghan border area, as well as improving coordination activities of the Organization’s member states in the Central Asian region. This issue was considered in detail in a narrow composition," Valery Semerikov noted.
The next document - the draft Decision of the Collective Security Council of the CSTO “On the Regulations on the procedure for preparing and conducting joint trainings in the Organization's format” was prepared in pursuance of the Action Plan for the implementation of the basic guidelines for the development of military cooperation of the CSTO member states for the period to 2020, in order to improve the system of joint preparing the Forces (Collective Forces) of the Organization to perform tasks for their intended purpose. The order of planning exercises, the basics of their organization and preparation, the deadlines for the implementation of the main activities foreseen by the exercises, the specifics of compliance with safety requirements, the procedure for resolving international legal issues relating to the conditions of temporary stay in the territory of the host state of personnel and military emergency forces comprehensive provision of joint exercises are systematized and clarified in the proposed Regulations for approval.
The third document, the “Collective action plan of the CSTO member states on the implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy for 2019-2021,” was prepared in order to implement the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and contains a number of activities in the field of prevention and combating terrorism.
The fourth document is “The consultation plan for representatives of the CSTO member states on foreign policy, security and defense issues for the second half of 2019 - the first half of 2020”.
As regards countering security challenges and threats, the draft document provides for a meeting with representatives of the national focal points of the CSTO member states to discuss the results of the operational preventive measures complex "Mercenary" ("Naemnik"), consultations on the draft Agreement on cooperation of the CSTO member states in the area of combating illegal migration. Target intergovernmental program of the CSTO to strengthen sections of the Tajik-Afghan border.
As part of improving the functioning of the CSTO Crisis Response Center, a CRC Informational Cooperation Regulation was prepared, which regulates the exchange of information of the CRC with national authorities authorized to interact with the Center, as well as the nomenclature and format of information to be exchanged, the timing and method of providing them.
In order to further develop the mechanism for ensuring the security of secret information in the field of military activities in the Organization’s format, a decision “On the List of Information in the Command (Joint Command) of the coalition and (or) regional (joint) group of troops (forces) of the CSTO to be classified , as well as the proprietary information" was signed by the CMD and the CSSC .
The draft List establishes categories of information containing secret and proprietary information, the disclosure of which may damage the security of the CSTO member states, as well as entail negative consequences for the combat readiness and combat capability of the armed forces of the Organization's member states.
In order to increase the readiness of the CSTO Forces (Collective Forces) to fulfill the missions for their intended purpose, a Plan for the joint preparation of the CSTO command and control bodies for the year 2020 has been developed.
“The most significant activities of the Plan include the command-staff trainings with the Collective Rapid Reaction Forces in Armenia, the trainings with the the Collective Forces of the Rapid Deployment of the Central Asian region in Kyrgyzstan, the Command Post Trainings with the peacekeeping forces in Belarus, special trainings with reconnaissance forces and equipment, and also Provision of the CSTO Forces (Collective Forces) in the territory of Armenia, a special trainings with the formation of special forces of the Collective Rapid Reaction Forces in Tajikistan, trainings with the Collective Aviation Forces” Valery Semerikov said.
He also said that in connection with the proposal of the Tajik side, made in 2018, to transfer the trainings "Rubezh-2018" with the Collective Forces of the Rapid Deployment of the Central Asian region to the 2019, it is planned to amend the Plan for the joint preparation of the management bodies and forces of the CSTO collective security system to this year. "In accordance with the proposed changes, it is planned to consistently conduct trainings in the territory of Tajikistan with the Collective Forces of the Rapid Deployment of the Central Asian region, and then with the peacekeeping forces, as well as clarifying the names of a number of events and those responsible for their implementation, the management and formation bodies involved," the CSTO Acting Secretary General noted .
The eighth document is a protocol decision on the time and place of the next meeting of the CSTO Committee of Secretaries of Security Councils. The next meeting of the CSTO CSSC will be held on November 27-28, 2019 in Bishkek on the eve of the session of the CSTO Collective Security Council.
A total of 8 documents were signed.
The Collective Security Treaty (CST) was signed on May 15, 1992 in Tashkent. On May 14, 2002, the Collective Security Council at a session in Moscow decided to transform the mechanisms and cooperation structures of the CST member states into an international regional organization - the “Collective Security Treaty Organization”, giving it an appropriate status. September 18, 2003. The CSTO Charter entered into force. The Collective Security Treaty Organization includes: the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Tajikistan.
CSTO press secretary Vladimir Zainetdinov