On July 3, Minsk hosted celebrations dedicated to the Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus, in which the CSTO Secretary General Stanislav Zas took part. On July 2, he attended a solemn meeting dedicated to this holiday with the participation of the President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko. On July 3 he laid flowers at the Victory Monument.
Also the celebrations were attended by the Chairman of the CIS Executive Committee Sergey Lebedev, the State Secretary of the Union State of the Republic of Belarus and Russia Grigory Rapota and the Chairman of the Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission Mikhail Myasnikovich..
The ceremonies were attended by the ambassadors of the CSTO member states.
Stanislav Zas also held talks with the heads of power structures of the Republic of Belarus on issues of interaction in the CSTO format.
The Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus (the Republic Day) is the main holiday of Belarusian statehood. It is celebrated annually on July 3 in honor of the liberation of the capital of the Republic of Belarus Minsk from Nazi invaders in 1944.
The decision to celebrate the Independence Day on July 3 was made during a republican referendum in 1996.
On the Independence Day, the Days of several Belarusian cities are also celebrated.
Parade units of the CSTO member states took part in the Victory Parade on Red Square
On June 24, 2020, in Moscow on Red Square in the Parade dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, parade units of the CSTO member states defense departments took part.
Officers, sergeants, and soldiers — military contingents from the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and the Republic of Tajikistan marched along the main square of the Russian Federation in a single formation. The order of the procession was determined alphabetically.
The joint parade unit of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia was led by the commander of a separate guard regiment of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia, Colonel Ashot Hakopyan. The group of color bearers carried the Battle Banner along Red Square of the 89th Rifle Taman Red Banner Order of Kutuzov and the Red Star division that participated in the Berlin assault.
On the fronts of the Great Patriotic War, more than 600 thousand sons and daughters of the Armenian people fought against the fascist invaders. Shoulder to shoulder with the peoples of the USSR, the Armenians heroically defended Moscow and Leningrad, fought for Brest and Kiev, Odessa and Sevastopol, fought near the walls of Stalingrad and in the territories of the North Caucasus, defeated the enemy on the Kursk Bulge and on the Dnieper river, participated in the liberation of Ukraine and the Republic of Belarus, the Baltic Republics and the Republic of Moldova, took part in the defeat of imperialist Japan.
The color bearers of the joint squadron of the honor guard of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus headed by the commander of the honor guard squadron of the commandant battalion of the Minsk military commandant’s office senior lieutenant Vladislav Shepelevich carried across Red Square the military banners of the Zheleznyak partisan unit and celebrated formations taking part in the liberation of the Belarusian SSR from German invaders. The banners of the formations were carried across Red Square during the historic parade of the Red Army forces in honor of the Great Victory of the USSR over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, held on June 24, 1945.
The most dramatic and violent events of the initial period of the war broke out on the Belarusian area. An outstanding feat was made by the defenders of the Brest Fortress. From June 22, 1941, the garrison courageously fought with superior enemy forces. Separate groups of fighters continued their resistance until July 20, 1941: “We will die, but we will not leave the fortress!”, “I am dying, but I don’t surrender. Goodbye, Motherland. 07/20/1941 ”.
In the history of the liberation wars there was no more mass partisan movement than the one that unfolded on the Belarusian area. Belarusian partisans and underground members destroyed about half a million soldiers and officers of the fascist army, 11,128 echelons and 34 armored trains, 948 enemy headquarters and garrisons, 1355 tanks and armored vehicles.
In the course of the military parade the Republic of Kazakhstan was represented by the troops of the Air Assault Troops of the Army Field Forces of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The unit was led by Lieutenant Colonel Ulan Nurgaziev, the commander of the air assault brigade, which was recognized as the best unit of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the last year. A sergeant of the 1st class Tair Dosov marched in the ranks. Tair Dosov is the grandson of Rakhim Khusainov, who was a participant in the Victory Parade on Red Square in June 1945.
Upon the years of the Great Patriotic War, 12 rifle divisions, 4 cavalry divisions, 7 rifle brigades, and about 50 separate regiments and battalions of various military branches were formed on the territory of the Kazakh SSR. Kazakhstani soldiers made their contribution to the liberation mission of the Soviet Army, stormed Berlin, participated in the hoisting of the Victory Banner over the Reichstag, were among the military formations that gave freedom to the peoples of Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, Austria.
Cadets of the Military Institute of the Armed Forces of the Kyrgyz Republic named after Hero of the Soviet Union, Lieutenant General K. Usenbekov were a part of the parade unit of the Kyrgyz Republic, headed by Colonel Bekkazy Tumenbaev.
Upon the Great Patriotic War in the territory of the Kyrgyz SSR, the 316th and the 385th rifle divisions; the 40th and the 153rd separate rifle brigades; the 107th, the 108th and the 109th cavalry divisions; the 660th, the 664th and the 666th aviation regiments were formed. More than 363 thousand people were called up for military service, i.e. every fourth active citizen of the Republic. Upon the defense of Moscow, the 316th Infantry Division, formed upon the war years, became famous. The division commander was the former military commissar of the Kyrgyz SSR, Major General Ivan Vasilievich Panfilov, who was awarded the high rank of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.
The parade unit of the Republic of Tajikistan, which consisted of officers only, was led by the commander of the commandant battalion of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Tajikistan, Lieutenant Colonel Fayzimuhammad Hofizzoda.
In the period from 1941 to 1945, almost 290,000 people left the Republic for the front. Tajik soldiers participated in the defense of the Brest Fortress, Kiev, Smolensk, Odessa, Sevastopol, and other cities of the Soviet Union. They helped to liberate the besieged Leningrad, fought for Moscow, on the Kursk Bulge, and cleared the Republic of Belarus, the Baltic States and Poland Nazi from invaders.
The participation of the parade units of the defense departments of the CSTO member states in the Victory Parade on Red Square symbolizes the unity of the CSTO member states, the willingness of the forces and means of the collective security system to adequately and effectively respond to modern challenges and threats.
Photo: Mikhail Voskresensky, Ramil Sitdikov and the CSTO Joint Staff press service