The Collective Security Treaty Organization - CSTO - has been operating for 18 years. The Collective Security Treaty itself was signed in Tashkent on May 15, 1992. The CSTO Secretary General Stanislav Zas, who took office earlier this year, told in his first interview to the media whether there was a threat of a military conflict between the CSTO and NATO, what achievements of the organization and prospects for its expansion were, as well as how the bloc is fought against the coronavirus pandemic and whether the military-political situation in the world would change after the end of the epidemic.
On May 15, 1992, the heads of state of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan signed a Collective Security Treaty in Tashkent. This Treaty laid the foundation for the creation of a collective security system in the Eurasian space in the post-Soviet period and became the main document, on the basis of which 10 years later the CSTO was created.
The CSTO Acting Secretary General delievered a speech in the UN Security Council
A meeting of the UN Security Council was held on September 25 at the United Nations headquarters in New York on the theme “UN cooperation with regional and subregional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security: contribution of the CSTO, the CIS and the SCO to countering terrorist threats”. The Russian Federation, which chairs the Council in September of this year, considered the issue for discussion as one of the most urgent in the light of the global nature of the challenge that international terrorism poses today to humanity.
The debate at a high level - with the participation of the foreign ministers of states included in the mentioned regional organizations as well as the heads of the UN specialized structures, confirmed the relevance of the efforts of regional organizations coordinated between themselves and with the world organization in the framework of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy.
The acting Secretary General of the Collective Security Treaty Organization Valery Semerikov was one of the keynote speakers at the meeting. He highlighted the activities of the CSTO in its priority area of countering international terrorism, reporting on the results of a series of joint operational and preventive measures taken in recent months under the code name “Mercenary” ("Naemnik") and regional permanent operations. He noted the detailed elaboration by the CSTO of the “List of additional measures aimed at reducing tensions in the Tajik-Afghan border” prepared for submission to the session of the Collective Security Council in November of this year and the development of the draft CSTO Interstate Program for strengthening the Tajik-Afghan border.
Valery Semerikov informed that in accordance with the established procedure for approval by the CSC in November, the "Collective Action Plan of the CSTO member states on the implementation of the UN Global Anti-Terrorism Strategy 2019-2021" prepared by the Organization’s specialized structures and agreed by the representatives of its member states is submitted. The Acting Secretary General of the CSTO emphasized the need to increase collective international efforts to counter terrorism and the spread of terrorist ideology without “double standards” and called for the formation of the broadest anti-terrorism coalition under the auspices of the United Nations on the basis of observance of generally recognized rules and principles of international law.
At the same time, in his speech, the Acting Secretary General of the Collective Security Treaty Organization V.Semerikov emphasized that, along with an analysis of the problems of international security on a global scale, one should not lose sight of the peculiarity of the processes occurring in the regions, that the study of maps of "small scale" should be complemented by work with more detailed “large-scale maps”.
With an integrated global-regional approach to the problems of modern international security, including in the fight against terrorism, it is important not to contrast these components, but to strive to find a dialectical relationship between the general and the particular.
In its turn, as reported by the TASS, the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres counts on the cooperation with the SCO, the CIS and the CSTO in the field of anti-terror. He noted that this cooperation is deepening and includes an increasing number of issues.
The CSTO Press Secretary Vladimir Zaynetdinov